South African female entrepreneurs’ business styles and their influence on various entrepreneurial factors

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14 Citations (Scopus)


Female participation in entrepreneurial activity is notice-ably smaller in most countries compared to male partici-pation. In addition, female entrepreneurs may be more inclined to have lifestyle businesses than high-growth businesses. The aim of this study was to explore the differences in various entrepreneurial factors between South African female entrepreneurs running lifestyle businesses versus high-growth businesses. The study made use of a self-administered questionnaire using a convenience sample to collect data from active female entrepreneurs. The sample comprised 510 respondents representing all South African provinces. Data was analysed using reliabil-ity and validity analysis, MANOVA and ANOVA. The results indicated that female entrepreneurs who prefer to follow a high-growth business style reported higher means for all variables with statistical significant differences. These in-cluded the intention to remain in business, intention to grow the business and business growth factors. No differences were observed for the factors concerning internal and external motivation, training and education and attitude to-wards business. The results from this study are interesting as, in the case of South African female entrepreneurs, and contrary to the literature, many female entrepreneurs do prefer and want to follow a high-growth business style.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-35
Number of pages11
JournalForum Scientiae Oeconomia
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Business styles
  • Entrepreneurial factors
  • Female entrepreneurs
  • South Africa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Marketing


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