Solution of load frequency control through Jaya technique with unified power flow controller and redox flow battery

Avinash Panwar, Vinesh Agarwal, Gulshan Sharma, Kayode Timothy Akindeji, Narayanan Krishnan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper proposes the initial strategy of designing two degree of freedom proportional integral derivative (2DOF-PID) made load frequency control (LFC) action optimized using Jaya optimization algorithm for a hydro-hydro system. At first, the PID optimized through Jaya is used for hydro-dominated system, and the comparative analysis of all possible error definitions are carried out to show the benefits of selecting integral time absolute error (ITAE) for LFC. Then, 2DOF-PID is designed for the hydro governing system, and its performance is compared with other designs to show the efficacy of the present LFC about computed error values gain of the various models via graphical LFC. The results obtained through simulations are promising but oscillatory with greater settling time. Hence, the proposed controller is retuned by considering the unified power flow control (UPFC) in arrangement with the tie-line and redox flow battery (RFB) units in area-2, and it is further seen that the outcomes of the application show the prevalence of the proposed work.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1247-1257
Number of pages11
JournalIndonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


  • Jaya optimization
  • Load frequency control
  • Redox flow battery
  • Two degree of freedom-PID
  • Unified power flow controller

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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