Shape-controlled Cu2O nanospheres as bifunctional catalysts boosting the oxidations of glucose and hydrazine

Li Wang, Yutai Wu, Chaoyang Sun, Hui Wang, Jianwei Ren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cuprous oxide (Cu2O) nanoparticles hold promise as low-cost catalysts for the oxidations of both glucose and hydrazine (N2H4), and their different geometrical shapes have been implied in literature to influence their catalytic activities. In this study, for the first time, a shape-controlled growth of the Cu2O crystals was achieved by the morphological evolution from nanocubes to nanopolyhedrons and then nanospheres. Subsequently, their catalytic performances were evaluated for the oxidations of glucose and hydrazine. With different catalytic activities observed, Cu2O nanospheres exhibited the best performance out of the three studied morphological shapes. The results showed that the Cu2O nanosphere-assembled electrode achieved boosting catalytic activities towards the oxidation of glucose with a high sensitivity of 3210 μA cm-2 Mm-1, a linear detection range of 1-1000 μM, a detection limit of 0.0163 μM and good selectivity. Moreover, the Cu2O nanosphere-assembled electrode also showed a low onset potential of -0.1 V, a high energy density of 4.1 mA cm-2 and a good stability towards the N2H4 oxidation. The characterization results indicated that a higher growth rate along the (111) over the (200) facet in nanosphere Cu2O crystals was in favor of their catalytic activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7781-7786
Number of pages6
JournalCrystEngComm
Volume23
Issue number44
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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