Sensor behavior of transition-metals (X = Ag, Au, Pd, and Pt) doped Zn11-X-O12 nanostructured materials for the detection of serotonin

Hitler Louis, Mary Patrick, Ismail O. Amodu, Innocent Benjamin, Immaculata J. Ikot, Grace E. Iniama, Adedapo S. Adeyinka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biochemically derived monoamine as serotonin is usually life threatening if found in excess amount in the human body, this is often caused by the excessive use of serotonergic drugs. Hence, reason to explore the sensing efficacy of various nano-materials. In this present study, the potency of pure and transition-metals (X = Ag, Au, Pd, and Pt) doped zinc oxide(Zn11-X-O12) nanostructured materials has been explored for the optimum adsorption of serotonin using the density functional theory (DFT) computation at the ωB97X-D/Gen/Lan2DZ/6–311 + +G (d,p)level of theory. The adsorbing performances of the studied nanocages were evaluated via the sensing mechanisms, quantum descriptors, and natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis. Quantum theory of atoms in molecule (QTAIM) and the reduced density gradient (RDG) analysis has been invoked in the study of weak interactions. The adsorption phenomena observed is best described as physisorption due to the positive adsorption enthalpy observed. Among all, STN@Pd/ZnO exhibits better attributes for the adsorption of serotonin due to its relatively least negative adsorption enthalpy and greatest stability (least Eg =7.3310 eV). The order of stability follows a decreasing pattern of: STN@Pd/ZnO > STN@ZnO > STN@Ag/ZnO > STN@Au/ZnO > STN@Pt/ZnO. Finally, this result indicates deformation (positive enthalpy) on interacting with the surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105048
JournalMaterials Today Communications
Volume34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • DFT, sensing mechanism
  • Nanostructure
  • Serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Chemistry

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