Seasonal study on Bothriocephalus as indicator of metal pollution in yellowfish, South Africa

N. R. Retief, A. Avenant-Oldewage, H. H. Du Preez

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29 Citations (Scopus)


Eighty largemouth yellowfsh, Labeobarbus kimberleyensis, were collected between April 2005 and February 2006 with gill nets close to the island (26° 52, 249′ S, 28° 10, 249′ E) in the Vaal Dam. The fsh were killed, weighed and their length determined. Muscle, liver and spinal cord tissues were collected from each fsh and the intestines removed and opened to expose Bothriocephalus acheilognathi. The tapeworms were collected in glass bottles and frozen. Water and sediment, as well as liver, muscle and tapeworm samples were digested and thereafter metal concentrations of 23 elements (lithium, beryllium, titanium, vanadium, chromium, manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, arsenic, selenium, molybdenum, cadmium, tin, antimony, tellurium, barium, mercury, thallium, lead and uranium) were determined with an ICP-MS. Bioconcentration of metals (selenium, mercury, and lead during autumn; copper, zinc, selenium, cadmium, antimony, thallium and mercury during winter; lithium, zinc, selenium, cadmium and antimony during spring; and zinc during summer) occurred in tapeworms. The highest mean value was recorded in sediment, followed by water, tapeworms and host t issue. A sea sonal t rend showe d t hat a h ig he r concent ration of the metals ha d accu mu lat ed in tapewor ms dur ing winter when water levels were at their lowest.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-322
Number of pages8
JournalWater S.A.
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009


  • Bioaccumulation
  • Bothriocephalus acheilognathi
  • ICP-MS
  • Microwave digestion
  • Sediment
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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