Role of canopy positions on rind biochemical concentrations and radical-scavenging activities in relation to rind breakdown of ‘Nules Clementine’ mandarins stored at non-chilling temperature

Olaoluwa Omoniyi Olarewaju, Lembe Samukelo Magwaza, Olaniyi Amos Fawole, Samson Zeray Tesfay, Umezuruike Linus Opara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rind biochemical concentrations and radical-scavenging activities of ‘Nules Clementine’ mandarin could play a significant role in the susceptibility of the fruit to various forms of physiological rind disorders. This study examined the effect of fruit position within tree canopy on biochemical concentrations and radical-scavenging activities of ‘Nules Clementine’ mandarin fruit rind after harvest at week 0 and after 3, 6 and 9 weeks of postharvest cold storage at 7.5 ± 0.5 °C. Biochemical concentrations and radical-scavenging activities of flavedo and albedo tissues of the rind were also examined. Fruit from inside canopy (IC) and outside canopy (OC) were harvested at commercial maturity in May 2015 and 2016 from Unifruiti and Swartvelei Farms located at Eastern Cape (EC) (33° 27′ 32″ S, 25° 34′ 79″ E) and Western Cape (WC) (19° 02′ 33.8″ S, 33° 41′ 17.24″ E) provinces of South Africa, respectively. Results showed that canopy position played a significant (p < 0.001) role on total carotenoids, total phenolics and total flavonoids as well as rind dry matter, with OC fruit often characterised by higher biochemical concentrations than IC fruit during cold storage. The study further showed that production region influenced radical-scavenging activities and carbohydrate content of OC and IC fruit rind during cold storage. Radical-scavenging activities of OC fruit (61.2%) were higher than IC fruit (52.5%) from EC whereas radical-scavenging activities of IC fruit (67.1%) were higher than those of OC fruit (58.2%) from WC at harvest. Overall, this study revealed that fruit position within tree canopy influenced its rind biochemical concentrations and radical-scavenging activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-240
Number of pages10
JournalScientia Horticulturae
Volume226
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Albedo
  • Antioxidants
  • Citrus
  • Flavedo
  • Physiological rind disorder
  • Sugars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

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