Robust control of robot manipulators with fast load adaptation

Q. G. Wang, T. H. Lee, W. K. Tan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Many adaptive robot controllers have been proposed in the literature to solve manipulator trajectory tracking problems for high-speed operations in the presence of parameter uncertainties. However, most of these controllers stem from the applications of the existing adaptive control theory, which is traditionally focused on tracking slowly time-varying parameters. In fact, manipulator dynamics have fast transient processes for high-speed operations and load changes are abrupt. These observations motivate the present research to incorporate change detection techniques into self-tuning schemes for tracking abrupt load variations and achieving fast load adaptation. To this end, a robustly global stabilizing controller for a robot model with parametric and non-parametric uncertainies is developed based on the Lyapunov second method, and it is then made adaptive via the self-tuning regulator concept. The two-model approach to online change detection in load is used and the estimation algorithm is reinitialized once load changes are detected. This allows a much faster adaptive identification of load parameters than the ordinary forgetting factor approach. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed controller achieves better tracking accuracy than the existing adaptive and non-adaptive controllers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1539-1548
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Systems Science
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science Applications


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