Review of environmental effects and treatment of runoff from storage and handling of wood

Åsa Hedmark, Miklas Scholz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


This review paper summarises the environmental effects of runoff from wood handling sites including log yards. The characteristics of site runoff and the corresponding effects on the receiving watercourses are presented for worldwide case studies, highlighting the urgent need to address the water pollution problem associated with the wood industry. The methods used to reduce the negative environmental impact of the runoff, such as constructed wetlands, soil infiltration and chemical oxidation, are evaluated. The principal environmental problem of runoff is usually the high concentration of organic substances originating from the wood and bark, some of which are toxic to aquatic life. Phosphorus is also a problem according to some studies. The toxicity of the runoff varies greatly, and depends on the species of tree stored, the amount of water the wood has been in contact with and the degree of runoff treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5997-6009
Number of pages13
JournalBioresource Technology
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Constructed wetland
  • Log yard
  • Receiving watercourse
  • Runoff
  • Wood industry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


Dive into the research topics of 'Review of environmental effects and treatment of runoff from storage and handling of wood'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this