Residents' attitudes to tourism: A longitudinal study of 140 articles from 1984 to 2010

Robin Nunkoo, Stephen L.J. Smith, Haywantee Ramkissoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

328 Citations (Scopus)


This paper is a longitudinal study of 140 articles on residents' attitudes to tourism published in Annals of Tourism Research, Tourism Management, and Journal of Travel Research from 1984 to 2010. Content analysis was used to determine the nature of the articles and the research approaches used. Although most articles were atheoretical, over the survey period an increasing proportion of studies made use of a variety of theories drawn from other disciplines to investigate the topic. The majority of studies were quantitative in nature, while a few studies used qualitative and mixed-methods approaches. Based on the results, some implications for research design and possibilities for future research are discussed. The paper concludes that studies on the topic have evolved from being low on methodological sophistication and theoretical awareness to being high on both aspects. Research on this topic has reached a stage of active scholarship in theory development followed by empirical testing. The study's limitations are discussed, which readers should take into account when evaluating its findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-25
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Sustainable Tourism
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013


  • content analysis
  • longitudinal study
  • methodology
  • residents' attitudes
  • statistical techniques
  • theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


Dive into the research topics of 'Residents' attitudes to tourism: A longitudinal study of 140 articles from 1984 to 2010'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this