Removal of strontium (Sr2+) from aqueous solutions with titanosilicates obtained by the sol-gel method

Olga Oleksiienko, Irina Levchuk, Maciej Sitarz, Svitlana Meleshevych, Volodymyr Strelko, Mika Sillanpää

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Titanosilicates (TiSis) were synthesized from pure and technical precursors by the sol-gel method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies of TiSi identified amorphous phases. The Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (BET) surface area of TiSis obtained from pure and technical precursors measured using the low-temperature nitrogen adsorption/desorption technique were 270.3 and 158.7m2g-1, respectively. Micro-mesopore and micro- meso- macropore structures were attributed to TiSi prepared from pure and technical precursors, correspondingly. TiSis mass, solution pH, contact time, initial Sr2+ concentration, temperature and background solution were investigated for their effect on sorption properties. TiSis were observed to have a high affinity for strontium in the pH range of 4-12. Strontium adsorption isotherms were established and fitted to the Langmuir, Freundlich, Redlich-Peterson, Sips and Toth models. Pseudo-first and pseudo-second models were used to describe experimental kinetic data. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) data for TiSis were collected before and after adsorption. Heterophase was observed on the surfaces of both types of TiSi material after Sr2+ uptake. The mechanism of Sr2+ sorption on titanosilicates was suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-168
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume438
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Kinetic study
  • Porous structure
  • Sol-gel synthesis
  • Titanosilicate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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