Removal of pharmaceutical from water with an electrocoagulation process; effect of various parameters and studies of isotherm and kinetic

Elham Nariyan, Aylin Aghababaei, Mika Sillanpää

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

98 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrocoagulation with different anode-cathode configurations were used for the removal of oxytetracycline hydrochloride. Anode material, time, current density and initial concentration were varied to determine the effect of these parameters on removal efficiency. Specifically, iron and aluminium were used as anode materials and stainless steel was used for the cathode. It was found that aluminum is more effective than iron as an anode material for removing oxytetracycline hydrochloride. The optimum current density was 20 mA/cm2 for both anodes: iron and aluminium had a removal efficiency of 93.2% and 87.75%, respectively. The effect of initial concentration on removal efficiency was also studied: increasing the initial concentration of oxytetracycline hydrochloride up to 200 mg/L did not have a significant impact on its removal. The pH, Eh and dissolved oxygen of all samples were measured during the experiments: with both anode-cathode combinations, pH was seen to increase considerably, while Eh and dissolved oxygen decreased substantially. The energy consumption of electrocoagulation was also calculated, demonstrating that this method is not energy demanding. Finally, isotherm and kinetic parameters were calculated: Both iron and aluminium anodes obey Sips isotherm and pseudo-first order kinetic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)266-281
Number of pages16
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electrocoagulation
  • Isotherm
  • Kinetic
  • Oxytetracycline hydrochloride
  • Pharmaceuticals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Removal of pharmaceutical from water with an electrocoagulation process; effect of various parameters and studies of isotherm and kinetic'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this