Regulating the SADC Regional Railway Corridors for Investments

Lubinda M. Sakanga, Erastus M. Mwanaumo, Wellington D. Thwala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: According to the Southern African Development Community (SADC) the Southern African railway network extends homogenously through 1067mm cape gauge across 12 of the 15 SADC nations. Nonetheless, the network is constrained from efficient and effective operation due to insufficient investment in maintaining and upgrading affected tracks and equipment apart from inadequate human capital. This article presents the case of regulation as a plausible solution. Objectives: To advocate for railway economic regulation as a means for enabling investment in SADC regional railway corridors. Method: Literature review on global best practices on regulation that induces transport and infrastructure sector investment, and a market research study on railway corridor investment policy assertions and Economic Regulation of the Regional Railway Corridor for Investment. Results: Current SADC regional railway corridor markets do not encourage steady or sustainable investments and there is a need for further exploration on more investment subsidies and crowding-in on intergovernmental agreements for pertinent development. Conclusion: Attracting investments into a railway corridor market is an aspect of economic regulation, which necessitates the establishment of market confidence, predictability, and transparency, as observed in Brazil. The legislative provisions, market access codes, and incentives as implemented in the USA, Europe, Australia, and Japan are also crucial investment inducement. Contribution: The articles presents a profound approach to regional railway corridor investments consideration as it puts to questions the current practice of isolated sovereign attempts. It advocates for joint intergovernmental effort for sustainable and competitive regional railway corridor investments.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbera934
JournalJournal of Transport and Supply Chain Management
Publication statusPublished - 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • economic rents
  • investment
  • railway economic regulation
  • regional railway corridor
  • subsidies
  • transport policy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management Information Systems
  • Transportation
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Information Systems and Management


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