Recent progress in advanced strategies to enhance the photocatalytic performance of metal molybdates for H2 production and CO2 reduction

Amit Kumar, Pankaj Sharma, Gaurav Sharma, Pooja Dhiman, Mehdihasan Shekh, Mika Sillanpää, Florian J. Stadler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The population explosion and rapid economic development has led to tremendous increase in the per capita use of fossil fuel energy resulting in major environmental consequences. To tackle these significant energy and environmental concerns, semiconductor photocatalysis is viewed as a promising environmentally friendly and sustainable solution. The photocatalytic hydrogen evolution utilizes solar energy into clean hydrogen energy which makes it green, environmentally friendly and effective technique to meet energy demands. This process requires workable catalysts to reach a significant reaction rate because of their multiple electrons and multiple proton nature. Among various visible light active photocatalytic materials, metal molybdates have been reported as emerging class of materials owing to their outstanding features as stable crystal structure, photo-corrosion inhibition, high redox efficiency, low cost and toxicity and suitable band structure. The present research provides an extensive review of the most recent advances and new insights into the utilization of metal molybdates in photocatalytic clean energy production and environment challenges. This review article summarizes the recent progresses in advanced strategies applied in metal molybdate based photocatalysts to enhance the photocatalytic performance. The advanced strategies are categorized as control over morphology and surface modification, doping of heteroatom, co-catalyst loading, noble metal deposition and construction of heterojunction, which are devoted to photocatalytic H2 production and CO2 reduction and to overcome the fast recombination of charge carriers and increasing the light absorption capacity. The fabrication strategies of metal molybdates and based materials are discussed in detail, as well as their usage as catalysts for H2 evolution and CO2 reduction have been analysed. Metal molybdates are promising photocatalysts for addressing present environmental issues, and this work paves the way for future photocatalytic research and development, which may assist in the development of highly effective photocatalysts for sustainable energy needs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number172665
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • CO2 reduction
  • H2 evolution
  • Heterojunctions
  • Metal molybdates
  • Photocatalysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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