Recent methods used in degradation of parabens in aqueous solutions: a review

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Parabens are widely used as preservatives in pharmaceutical and personal care products, but are regarded as endocrine disruptor compounds. The presence of parabens has potential effects on aquatic ecosystems and human health. This has led to the development of various methods for the removal of these recalcitrant compounds. This study presents an overview of the literature on methodologies for the degradation of parabens. The review is limited to details of using ultraviolet, sensitisers, ozonation, photoelectrocatalysis, sonochemistry, semiconductors and biodegradation for the degradation of parabens. Different catalysts in the degradation of these pollutants and their properties, as well as degradation mechanisms, are also discussed. Finally, recommendations and future perspectives on this field are proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2139-2154
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


  • Aquatic ecosystems
  • Degradation
  • Endocrine disruptor compounds
  • Parabens
  • Preservatives

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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