Recent Application of Solid Phase Based Techniques for Extraction and Preconcentration of Cyanotoxins in Environmental Matrices

Geaneth Pertunia Mashile, Philiswa N. Nomngongo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cyanotoxins are toxic and are found in eutrophic, municipal, and residential water supplies. For this reason, their occurrence in drinking water systems has become a global concern. Therefore, monitoring, control, risk assessment, and prevention of these contaminants in the environmental bodies are important subjects associated with public health. Thus, rapid, sensitive, selective, simple, and accurate analytical methods for the identification and determination of cyanotoxins are required. In this paper, the sampling methodologies and applications of solid phase-based sample preparation methods for the determination of cyanotoxins in environmental matrices are reviewed. The sample preparation techniques mainly include solid phase micro-extraction (SPME), solid phase extraction (SPE), and solid phase adsorption toxin tracking technology (SPATT). In addition, advantages and disadvantages and future prospects of these methods have been discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-126
Number of pages8
JournalCritical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Adsorbents
  • cyanotoxins
  • solid phase adsorption toxin tracking technology
  • solid phase extraction
  • solid phase micro-extraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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