Recent advances in two-dimensional perovskite materials for light-emitting diodes

Deepika Tyagi, Vijay Laxmi, Nilanjan Basu, Leelakrishna Reddy, Yibin Tian, Zhengbiao Ouyang, Pramoda K. Nayak

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are an indispensable part of our daily life. After being studied for a few decades, this field still has some room for improvement. In this regard, perovskite materials may take the leading role. In recent years, LEDs have become a most explored topic, owing to their various applications in photodetectors, solar cells, lasers, and so on. Noticeably, they exhibit significant characteristics in developing LEDs. The luminous efficiency of LEDs can be significantly enhanced by the combination of a poor illumination LED with low-dimensional perovskite. In 2014, the first perovskite-based LED was illuminated at room temperature. Furthermore, two-dimensional (2D) perovskites have enriched this field because of their optical and electronic properties and comparatively high stability in ambient conditions. Recent and relevant advancements in LEDs using low-dimensional perovskites including zero-dimensional to three-dimensional materials is reported. The major focus of this article is based on the 2D perovskites and their heterostructures (i.e., a combination of 2D perovskites with transition metal dichalcogenides, graphene, and hexagonal boron nitride). In comparison to 2D perovskites, heterostructures exhibit more potential for application in LEDs. State-of-the-art perovskite-based LEDs, current challenges, and prospects are also discussed. Graphical Abstract: (Figure presented.)

Original languageEnglish
Article number109
JournalDiscover Nano
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2024


  • Graphene
  • Hexagonal boron nitride
  • LED
  • Low-dimensional perovskite
  • Quantum dots
  • Semiconductor materials
  • Two-dimensional perovskites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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