Rapid kinetic evaluation of inorganic-perovskite-catalysed redox conversion of p-nitrophenol and morin aided by an opentrons robotic system

Tafadzwa Precious Mabate, Kariska Potgieter, Pule Petrus Molokoane, Reinout Meijboom, Ndzondelelo Bingwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Herein, the rapid kinetic evaluation of p-nitrophenol (p-NP) reduction and oxidation of Morin using inorganic perovskites as catalysts is reported. The perovskites were synthesised using the hard template method with KIT-6 as a template resulting in high surface areas (~ 687m2/g). The kinetic analysis was done with the aid of an open-source Opentrons liquid handling robot, a microplate reader with 96 wells. In four hours, twelve variations with three replicates were conducted for four different catalysts, a time-efficient and reproducible approach. The reduction of p-nitrophenol and oxidation of Morin followed the pseudo-first-order reaction kinetics. The best catalyst for reducing p-nitrophenol was LaSnO3 with an observed rate constant of 3.5 × 10–2 s−1, and for the oxidation of Morin the best catalyst was LaFeO3 with 3.9 × 10–3 s−1. We postulate that the catalytic activities were dependent on the surface areas, oxidising strengths, and reducibility of the B cation of the perovskite's ABO3 crystal structure, determining their binding affinity to the reducing agent. Furthermore, the as-synthesised catalysts showed good stability and reusability of up to four cycles. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11590-11611
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume57
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics

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