Psychological Capital Among University Students: Relationships with Study Engagement and Intrinsic Motivation

Oi Ling Siu, Arnold B. Bakker, Xinhui Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

162 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports two studies: Study 1 aimed to evaluate respective modified versions of existing scales of psychological capital (PsyCap) and study engagement (SE), and to test the reciprocal relationship between PsyCap and SE; Study 2 aimed to test intrinsic motivation as a mediator between PsyCap and SE. A two-wave cross-lagged design was adopted in Study 1 with a matched sample of 103 students, with 4 months apart. With confirmatory factor analyses, the results supported the construct validity of a higher-order model of PsyCap (PsyCap overall) and of study engagement comprising dedication, absorption and vigor. Further, the reciprocal relationship between PsyCap and SE was demonstrated. Results of Study 2 among 100 university students showed that intrinsic motivation measured at time 2 was a significant mediator between time 1 PsyCap and time 2 SE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)979-994
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Happiness Studies
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cross-lagged analysis
  • Intrinsic motivation
  • Psychological capital
  • Study engagement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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