Producing privatization: Re-articulating race, gender, class and space

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


This article combines insights into the mutually constituting nature of gender, race, class and space with Marxist analyses that interrogate how social relations both produce and are constrained by institutions to explore waste management privatization in Johannesburg. It argues that the crystallization of racialized, gendered inequalities within bargaining institutions underpinned financial motivations for privatization. The form of privatization varied across the city due to the ways in which the class of the area serviced articulated with the racialization and gendering of capital and labour in these spaces. An array of material conditions and ideologies informed these processes in which workers were active, although not necessarily progressive agents. Focusing on how privatization is produced through spatialized and institutionalized social relations illuminates avenues for struggle hidden from view in both aspatial, ideal-type feminist political economy analyses and geographic analyses of privatization inattentive to the mutually constituting nature of gender, race and class.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-432
Number of pages29
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Class
  • Gender
  • Institutions
  • Neoliberalism
  • Privatization
  • Race
  • South antipodefrica

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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