Processing Parameters Optimization for Material Deposition Efficiency in Laser Metal Deposited Titanium Alloy

Rasheedat M. Mahamood, Esther T. Akinlabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Ti6Al4V is an important Titanium alloy that is mostly used in many applications such as: aerospace, petrochemical and medicine. The excellent corrosion resistance property, the high strength to weight ratio and the retention of properties at high temperature makes them to be favoured in most applications. The high cost of Titanium and its alloys makes their use to be prohibitive in some applications. Ti6Al4V can be cladded on a less expensive material such as steel, thereby reducing cost and providing excellent properties. Laser Metal Deposition (LMD) process, an additive manufacturing process is capable of producing complex part directly from the 3-D CAD model of the part and it also has the capability of handling multiple materials. Processing parameters play an important role in LMD process and in order to achieve desired results at a minimum cost, then the processing parameters need to be properly controlled. This paper investigates the role of processing parameters: laser power, scanning speed, powder flow rate and gas flow rate, on the material utilization efficiency in laser metal deposited Ti6Al4V. A two-level full factorial design of experiment was used in this investigation, to be able to understand the processing parameters that are most significant as well as the interactions among these processing parameters. Four process parameters were used, each with upper and lower settings which results in a combination of sixteen experiments. The laser power settings used was 1.8 and 3 kW, the scanning speed was 0.05 and 0.1 m/s, the powder flow rate was 2 and 4 g/min and the gas flow rate was 2 and 4 l/min. The experiments were designed and analyzed using Design Expert 8 software. The software was used to generate the optimized process parameters which were found to be laser power of 3.2 kW, scanning speed of 0.06 m/s, powder flow rate of 2 g/min and gas flow rate of 3 l/min.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-21
Number of pages13
JournalLasers in Manufacturing and Materials Processing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016


  • Additive manufacturing
  • Deposition efficiency
  • Design of experiment
  • Laser metal deposition
  • Processing parameters
  • Titanium alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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