Proactive Vitality Management, Work Engagement, and Creativity: The Role of Goal Orientation

Arnold B. Bakker, Paraskevas Petrou, Emma M. Op den Kamp, Maria Tims

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

98 Citations (Scopus)


This study tested the hypothesis that individuals can proactively manage their own energetic, affective, and cognitive resources in order to be creative at work. Building on proactivity and creativity literatures, we propose a theoretical model in which employees who proactively manage their vitality are more engaged in their work and show improved creative performance. We also tested the boundary conditions of this process. Participants were Dutch employees from various occupations who filled out a background questionnaire and five weekly surveys. The results of multilevel modelling analyses offered support for our model. Weekly proactive vitality management was positively related to changes in weekly creativity through changes in weekly work engagement. As predicted, learning goal orientation strengthened and performance goal orientation weakened the links between proactive vitality management and engagement, and between engagement and creativity. We discuss the theoretical contributions, and indicate how these findings can be used in daily working life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-378
Number of pages28
JournalApplied Psychology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology


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