Proactive Vitality Management and Creative Work Performance: The Role of Self-Insight and Social Support

Emma M. Op den Kamp, Arnold B. Bakker, Maria Tims, Evangelia Demerouti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Integrating proactivity and creativity literatures, we argue that people can perform more creatively at work when they proactively manage their levels of vitality. Proactive vitality management is defined as individual, goal-oriented behavior aimed at managing physical and mental energy to promote optimal functioning at work. We hypothesize that this process may be facilitated by being aware of one's own state and by support from others. A total of 242 employees participated in a weekly diary study for three consecutive weeks, yielding 610 observations. Results of multilevel analyses show that participants reported more creative work performance during weeks in which they had proactively used vitality management. In addition, in line with our predictions, self-insight and social support for creativity in the workplace acted as cross-level moderators and strengthened the relationship between proactive vitality management and creativity. We conclude that a proactive approach regarding physical and mental energy is an important bottom-up strategy that may foster creativity in work settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-336
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Creative Behavior
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020


  • creative work performance
  • proactive vitality management
  • self-insight
  • social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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