Predatory bacteria in combination with solar disinfection and solar photocatalysis for the treatment of rainwater

M. Waso, S. Khan, A. Singh, S. McMichael, W. Ahmed, P. Fernández-Ibáñez, J. A. Byrne, W. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The predatory bacterium, Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus, was applied as a biological pre-treatment to solar disinfection and solar photocatalytic disinfection for rainwater treatment. The photocatalyst used was immobilised titanium-dioxide reduced graphene oxide. The pre-treatment followed by solar photocatalysis for 120 min under natural sunlight reduced the viable counts of Klebsiella pneumoniae from 2.00 × 109 colony forming units (CFU)/mL to below the detection limit (BDL) (<1 CFU/100 μL). Correspondingly, ethidium monoazide bromide quantitative PCR analysis indicated a high total log reduction in K. pneumoniae gene copies (GC)/mL (5.85 logs after solar photocatalysis for 240 min). In contrast, solar disinfection and solar photocatalysis without the biological pre-treatment were more effective for Enterococcus faecium disinfection as the viable counts of E. faecium were reduced by 8.00 logs (from 1.00 × 108 CFU/mL to BDL) and the gene copies were reduced by ∼3.39 logs (from 2.09 × 106 GC/mL to ∼9.00 × 102 GC/mL) after 240 min of treatment. Predatory bacteria can be applied as a pre-treatment to solar disinfection and solar photocatalytic treatment to enhance the removal efficiency of Gram-negative bacteria, which is crucial for the development of a targeted water treatment approach.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115281
JournalWater Research
Volume169
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus
  • Biological pre-treatment
  • Harvested rainwater
  • Photocatalysis
  • Solar disinfection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Ecological Modeling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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