Preconcentration and speciation of chromium species using ICP-OES after ultrasound-assisted magnetic solid phase extraction with an amino-modified magnetic nanocomposite prepared from Fe3O4, MnO2 and Al2O3

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Abstract

The article describes a method for preconcentration and speciation of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) in river waters. It is based on ultrasound-assisted magnetic solid phase extraction employing a nanocomposite prepared from magnetite nanoparticles, manganese oxide and alumina oxide, and then functionalized with [3-(2-aminoethylamino)propyl] trimethoxysilane (AAPTMS). By taking advantage of the oxidative properties of MnO2, the Fe3O4@MnO2,Al2O3 nanocomposite was used for the preconcentration of total chromium. The AAPTMS-modified nanocomposite, in turn, is selective for Cr(VI). The concentration of Cr(III) can be calculated as the difference between total chromium and Cr(VI). The preconcentrated chromium species were quantified using ICP-OES. The method was optimized using response surface methodology. Under optimal conditions, the limit of detection and quantification are 20 and 50 pg ⋅ mL−1, respectively. The intraday and interday precisions of the method, expressed in terms of relative standard deviation, are 2.6 and 4.9%, respectively. In addition, the effects of potentially interfering ions were examined. The method was successfully applied to the speciation of chromium in spiked river water and a certified reference material. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1223-1232
Number of pages10
JournalMikrochimica Acta
Volume184
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Brunauer, Emmett and Teller
  • Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
  • Microextraction
  • Pareto chart
  • Response surface methodology
  • Scanning electron microscopy
  • Transmission electron microscopy
  • Vibrating sample magnetometer
  • Water analysis
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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