Practice note: Using debriefing interviews to promote authenticity and transparency in mixed research

Kathleen M.T. Collins, Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie, R. Burke Johnson, Rebecca K. Frels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Our goal in this editorial is to promote transparency in mixed research by detailing how to conduct debriefing interviews throughout the research process to document the degree that quality criteria are designed and implemented. First, we examine the role of transparency in establishing credibility of findings and conclusions. We provide a rationale for using debriefing interviews to elevate transparency in mixed research. Second, we discuss the process of peer debriefi ng in the context of qualitative studies because it is this context that formed the catalyst for developing a debriefing interview protocol. Third, we apply in the context of mixing approaches, five authenticity criteria (Guba & Lincoln, 1989) developed in accordance with a constructivist tradition. We present a debriefi ng interview technique accompanied by example interview questions to document the degree that researchers have met, in practice, these five quality criteria and other quality criteria such as philosophical clarity and incorporation of multiple standpoints. We conclude by discussing the process and benefits of debriefing interviews in mixed research studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-284
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Multiple Research Approaches
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Authenticity criteria
  • Debriefing interviews
  • Interviewing the interviewer
  • Mixed methods research
  • Mixed research
  • Transparency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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