Potential of photobiomodulation to induce differentiation of adi-pose-derived mesenchymal stem cells into neural cells

Madeleen Jansen van Rensburg, Anine Crous, Heidi Abrahamse

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Given the minimal capacity and sometimes the failure of the mammalian nervous system to regenerate and repair itself after damage, strategies are required to help enhance this regenerative process. Adipose-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (ADMSCs) are likely candidates to assist in the recovery process due to their ability to differentiate into neural cells. Successful implementation of this intervention in a clinical setting would increase the rate of recovery following traumatic brain injury. Review: Various strategies have been attempted to differentiate ADMSCs into neural cells for clinical use. Such methods have not been entirely successful in the development of functioning special-ized cells for subsequent practical use. Therefore, the implementations of this differentiation tech-nique in the clinical trial have not been effective. In this article, the potential of differentiating ADMSCs into neural cells and the various methods employed, including biological induction, chemical induction and photobiomodulation (PBM) will be discussed, where the combined use of transducers and PBM for neural differentiation of ADMSCs is also deliberated. Conclusion: PBM shows promise as an avenue for effective ADMSCs differentiation into neural cells and their proliferation. Applying PBM with optimized biological factors and chemical induc-ers may prove to be an effective tool for clinical application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-322
Number of pages16
JournalCurrent Stem Cell Research and Therapy
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells
  • Chemical inducers
  • Differentiation
  • Growth fac-tors
  • Neural regeneration
  • Photobiomodulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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