Potential of natural products in the treatment of myocardial infarction: focus on molecular mechanisms

Amirhossein Sheida, Tarannomsadat Taghavi, Rana Shafabakhsh, Amirreza Ostadian, Zahra Razaghi Bahabadi, Mahmood Khaksary Mahabady, Michael R. Hamblin, Hamed Mirzaei

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Although conventional drugs are widely used in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD), they are being used less frequently due to concerns about possible side effects over the long term. There has been a renewed research interest in medicinal plant products, and their role in protecting the cardiovascular system and treating CVD, which are now being considered as potential alternatives to modern drugs. The most important mechanism causing damage to the myocardium after heart attack and reperfusion, is increased levels of free radicals and oxidative stress. Therefore, treatment approaches often focus on reducing free radicals or enhancing antioxidant defense mechanism. It has been previously reported that bioactive natural products can protect the heart muscle in myocardial infarction (MI). Since these compounds are readily available in fruits and vegetables, they could prevent the risk of MI if they are consumed daily. Although the benefits of a healthy diet are well known, many scientific studies have focused on whether pure natural compounds can prevent and treat MI. In this review we summarize the effects of curcumin, resveratrol, quercitin, berberine, and tanshinone on MI and CVD, and focus on their proposed molecular mechanisms of action.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5488-5505
Number of pages18
JournalCritical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Cardiovascular disease; myocardial infarction
  • berberine
  • natural products; curcumin
  • quercitin
  • resveratrol
  • tanshinone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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