Physicochemical characteristics, microstructure and health promoting properties of green banana flour

Minenhle Khoza, Eugenie Kayitesi, Bhekisisa C. Dlamini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


This study aimed to investigate the proximate composition, mineral content, functional properties, molecular structure, in vitro starch digestibility, total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC) and antioxidant activity (DPPH, FRAP) of green banana flour (GBF) cultivars grown in South Africa. With proximate composition, Finger Rose and Pisang Awak had the highest protein (4.33 g/100 g) and fat (0.85 g/100 g) content, respectively. The highest ash content (3.50 g/100 g) occurred with both Grand Naine and FHIA-01 cultivars. Potassium and copper were the most abundant and least minerals, respectively. Pisang Awak cultivar had the highest water absorption capacity (67.11%), while Du Roi had the highest swelling power (0.83 g/g) at 90C. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images revealed that starch granules from all GBF cultivars were irregular in shape and they had dense surfaces with debris. All the GBF cultivars had similar diffraction patterns with prominent peaks from 15–24 diffraction angles. The resistant starch (RS) and amylose content of the FHIA-01 cultivar indicates that the GBF has the potential to lower risks of type 2 diabetes and obesity. The highest TPC, TFC and antioxidant activity occurred with the Grande Naine cultivar. Based on their functional characteristics, the Grand Naine and FHIA-01 GBF cultivars could potentially be used as raw materials for bakery products as well as for the fortification of snacks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2894
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • Functional characteristics
  • Green banana flour
  • In vitro starch digestibility and antioxidant activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Microbiology
  • Health (social science)
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Plant Science


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