Photoluminescence properties of SrAl2 O4: Eu 2+, Dy3+ thin phosphor films grown by pulsed laser deposition

O. M. Ntwaeaborwa, P. D. Nsimama, Shreyas Pitale, I. M. Nagpure, Vinay Kumar, E. Coetsee, J. J. Terblans, H. C. Swart, P. T. Sechogela

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Thin films of SrAl2 O4: Eu2+, Dy 3+ phosphor were deposited on silicon [Si (100)] substrates using a 248 nm KrF pulsed laser. Deposition parameters, such as substrate temperature, pulse repetition rate, number of laser pulses, and base pressure, were varied during the film deposition process. Based on the x-ray diffraction data, all the films were amorphous but were emitting visible light when excited by a monochromatic xenon lamp. The chemical composition and the stoichiometry of the films determined by the Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy were consistent with the commercial SrAl2 O4: Eu2+, Dy 3+ powder used to prepare the films. Photoluminescence (PL) emission spectra of the films were characterized by major green emission with a maximum at ∼520 nm and minor red emission with a maximum at 630 nm. The green and red photoluminescence at 520 and 630 nm are associated with the 4 f6 5d→4 f7 (8S7/2) and 5D 0 - 7F2 transitions of Eu2+ and residual Eu3+ ions, respectively. Brighter films were shown to have relatively higher values of the root mean square surface roughness, which were determined from the atomic force microscopy data. The effects of processing parameters on the PL intensity are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)901-905
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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