Photoelectrochemical degradation of organic pollutants on a la3+ doped bifeo3 perovskite

Oluchi V. Nkwachukwu, Charles Muzenda, Babatope O. Ojo, Busisiwe N. Zwane, Babatunde A. Koiki, Benjamin O. Orimolade, Duduzile Nkosi, Nonhlangabezo Mabuba, Omotayo A. Arotiba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Towards nonconventional wastewater treatment methods for the degradation of organic pollutants in wastewater, a perovskite-based photoelectrochemical system was developed. Bismuth ferrite doped with lanthanum (La-BiFeO3, La-BFO) perovskite was synthesised through a hydrothermal method with low calcination temperature for the photoelectrochemical degradation of orange II dye and other cocktails of dyes. Photoanodes were prepared by the deposition of the perovskites on a fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrate. The photoanodes were characterised using XRD, FESEM, FTIR and UV-vis diffuse reflectance. The photoelectrochemical properties of the synthesised photoanodes were investigated with chronoamperometry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (including Mott–Schottky analysis). The results show that all La3+-doped BFO photoanodes exhibited a higher absorption edge in the visible light region than the undoped BFO. The photocurrent response of 10% La-BFO (the best performing electrode) exhibited a three times higher current response than the pure BFO. In addition, the electrode exhibited a good degradation efficiency of 84.2% within 120 min with applied bias potential of 2 V at a pH of 7. EIS studies showed a significant enhancement of the interfacial electron transfer of the charge carriers. The enhancements in electrode performances were attributed to the synergistic effect of the applied bias potential and the introduction of La3+ into the BFO matrix. This study therefore shows that the photoelectrocatalytic performance of BFO for water treatment can be improved by the introduction of perovskites-doping ions such as La3+.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1069
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021


  • Bismuth ferrite perovskites
  • Dyes
  • Lanthanum doping
  • Perovskites
  • Photoelectrochemical degradation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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