PeV-EeV Neutrinos from Gamma-Ray Blazars due to Ultrahigh-energy Cosmic-Ray Propagation

Saikat Das, Nayantara Gupta, Soebur Razzaque

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Blazars are potential sources of cosmic-ray acceleration up to ultrahigh energies (E ⪆ 1018 eV). For an efficient cosmic-ray injection from blazars, pγ collisions with extragalactic background light (EBL) and cosmic microwave background (CMB) can produce neutrino spectra with peaks near to PeV and EeV energies, respectively. In this work, we analyze the contribution of these neutrinos to the diffuse background measured by the IceCube neutrino observatory. The fraction of neutrino luminosity originating from individual redshift ranges is calculated using the distribution of BL Lacs and FSRQs provided in the Fermi-LAT 4LAC catalog. Furthermore, we use a luminosity-dependent density evolution to find the neutrino flux of unresolved blazars. The results obtained in our model indicate that as much as ≈10% of the flux upper bound at a few PeV energies can arise from cosmic-ray interactions with EBL. The same interactions will also produce secondary electrons and photons, initiating electromagnetic cascades. The resultant photon spectrum is limited by the isotropic diffuse γ-ray flux measured between 100 MeV and 820 GeV. The latter, together with the observed cosmic-ray flux at E > 1016.5 eV, can constrain the baryonic loading factor, depending on the maximum cosmic-ray acceleration energy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume910
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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