Performance Evaluation of Environmentally Sustainable Precast Cement Concrete Paver Blocks Using Fly Ash and Polypropylene Fibre

Suresh Sundaramurthy, Shashi Bala, Anil Kumar Sharma, Jyoti Verma, Sasan Zahmatkesh, S. Arisutha, Sarika Verma, Mika Sillanpaa, Nagavinothini Ravichandran, Balamurugan Panneerselvam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Paver blocks are manufactured from zero-slump plain concrete, which is small element used for outdoor applications and flexible road surfaces. IS:15658 (2006) permits the use of 33- grade ordinary Portland cement (OPC) as the minimum for manufacturing paver blocks, but the usage of this type of cement is restricted in India nowadays. In this context, we have studied OPC 43-grade cement replaced by 30% Class F-grade fly ash and the addition of 0.0% and 0.5% polypropylene fibre (PPF) to evaluate the suitability of paver blocks in terms of the climatic conditions, movement of vehicles and road surfaces in India. The synergistic effect of the mechanical properties of paver blocks revealed that a 30% replacement of OPC with fly ash and 0.3% PPF is more suitable for the manufacturing of paver blocks. The obtained results from the reference mixes indicated that the mechanical properties of paver blocks have increased with respect to the age of the blocks. The present study is important for paver block manufacturers as it fulfils the mix design, strength and durability requirements for Indian roads associated with the utilization of waste materials such as fly ash. Additionally, the study will help the national economy increase by 20% in the future, along with the sustainability of virgin materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15699
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • cement
  • fly ash
  • polypropylene fibre
  • strength
  • waste management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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