Performance comparison of filters with different aggregates

L. Zhang, M. Scholz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Unplanted upf low filters, which were filled with different filter media (natural zeolite, blast furnace granulated slag, ceramsite, and walnut shells), were operated to assess their nutrient removal performances. Different preprocessing methods involving aerobic and anaerobic sludges were applied to the filters to accelerate the treatment processes, The results indicated that preprocessing enhanced the soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD) removal, hut had no obvious influence on the total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) removal efficiencies. Filters containing blast furnace granulated slag were independent with respect to SCOD loading rate variations in the range between 100 and 900 mg/d. A linear velocity equation was used to determine the nutrient removal velocities of blast furnace granulated slag-filled filters. The removal velocities were rapid, and highest for TP and lowest for TN. Compared with other filters, blast furnace granulated slag-filled filters performed best concerning nutrient removal and retention. Walnut shell-filled filters performed worst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-201
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Progress and Sustainable Energy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Aggregate
  • Blast furnace granulated slag
  • Nutrient removal
  • Removal velocity
  • Soluble chemical oxygen demand

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Water Science and Technology
  • General Environmental Science
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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