Pathological effects of Cichlidogyrus philander Douëllou, 1993 (Monogenea, Ancyrocephalidae) on the gills of Pseudocrenilabrus philander (Weber, 1897) (Cichlidae)

Patience Chwe Igeh, Annemariè Avenant-Oldewage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Histopathological changes of Cichlidogyrus philander Douëllou, 1993 on the gills of Pseudocrenilabrus philander (Weber, 1897) were studied using light and scanning electron microscopy. Observations revealed that C. philander attaches to its host by alternating the prohaptor (for temporary attachment or feeding) or haptor (using haptoral parts for firm and secured attachment). The sharp terminal ends of the anchors are inserted basally into the gill lamella, between two adjacent secondary gill lamellae and the marginal hooklets assist by superficially penetrating, holding and lifting epithelial tissue in the proximal region of the secondary gill lamella. The attachment of C. philander resulted in compression, rupturing of the interlamellar epithelium, change in the organization of epithelial cells in both primary and secondary gill lamella, displacement of the extracellular cartilaginous matrix, occasional rupturing of blood vessels and erythrocytes and some cells becoming ill-defined. At the site of attachment, the host response comprises of hyperplasia, increase in the number of mucous cells and infiltration with neutrophils. It was concluded that the effect of C. philander is mild in natural conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-184
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Fish Diseases
Volume43
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • anchors
  • compression
  • epithelium
  • gills
  • histopathology
  • marginal hooks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Veterinary (miscellaneous)

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