Partial Discharge Localization through k-NN and SVM

Permit Mathuhu Sekatane, Pitshou Bokoro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Power transformers are essential for the distribution and transmission of electricity, but they are prone to degradation due to faults early on. Partial Discharge (PD) is the most significant pointer of insulation breakdown in high-voltage apparatus. Dissolved Gas Analysis (DGA) is a commonly used technique for detecting and diagnosing PD. However, DGA data often contain missing values, which can significantly affect the accuracy of PD diagnosis. To mitigate the issues of missing values, this paper proposes using the k-Nearest Neighbors (kNN) technique to impute the missing values in the dataset. Further, it combines kNN with a Support Vector Machine (SVM) to detect the possibility of a PD source in the high-voltage apparatus. The approach was evaluated on a real-world DGA dataset and achieved high classification performance and discriminatory power for distinguishing between PD and non-PD instances. The effectiveness of the missing value imputation technique was evaluated, and the proposed approach demonstrated improved accuracy and precision compared to methods without imputation. The proposed approach offers a current solution for PD analysis in power transformers using DGA data with missing values.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7430
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023


  • dissolve gas analysis
  • K-nearest network
  • machine learning
  • support vector machine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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