Overlap between the general factor of personality and emotional intelligence: A meta-analysis

Dimitri van der Linden, Keri A. Pekaar, Arnold B. Bakker, Julie Aitken Schermer, Philip A. Vernon, Curtis S. Dunkel, K. V. Petrides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

167 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examine the relationship between the general factor of personality (GFP) and emotional intelligence (EI) and specifically test the hypothesis that the GFP is a social effectiveness factor overlapping conceptually with EI. Presented is an extensive meta-analysis in which the associations between the GFP, extracted from the Big Five dimensions, with various EI measures is examined. Based on a total sample of k = 142 data sources (N = 36,268) the 2 major findings from the meta-analysis were (a) a large overlap between the GFP and trait EI (r ≈ .85); and (b) a positive, but more moderate, correlation with ability EI (r ≈ .28). These findings show that high-GFP individuals score higher on trait and ability EI, supporting the notion that the GFP is a social effectiveness factor. The findings also suggest that the GFP is very similar, perhaps even synonymous, to trait EI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-52
Number of pages17
JournalPsychological Bulletin
Volume143
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Emotional intelligence
  • General factor of personality
  • Meta-analysis
  • Social effectiveness
  • Trait EI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology

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