Other Stakeholders’ Views About the ‘Out of School’ Issue for Ethnic Minority Young People

Miron Kumar Bhowmik, Kerry J. Kennedy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Interview data with three ethnic minority community leaders from Nepalese, Pakistani and Bangladeshi communities in Hong Kong; two government officials; one teacher who taught secondary level ethnic minority students; and one NGO professional, were drawn upon to understand perspectives on the magnitude of the ‘out of school’ phenomenon for ethnic minority young people, reasons, and the ‘out of school’ life of ethnic minority young people. Issues included being caught in a vicious cycle with no upward social mobility due to not possessing a university degree and, therefore, being unemployable in Hong Kong. Similarly to factors discussed by students, parents and school teachers (Chaps. 4, 5, 6, and 7 ), these interviewees considered poor academic achievement; inadequate school provision; low educational aspirations; Chinese language concerns (including a gap existing between achieved Chinese qualification and that required for higher education and employment); behavioural problems; racism; and ethnic minority stereotypes to be reasons for students dropping ‘out of school’. Some primary and secondary school dropouts younger than 15 usually return to school; some are placed in NGOs or vocational bridging courses to allow for an alternative vocational path. Alternatively, others would seek employment if over 15 or apply to study on vocational courses.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEducation in the Asia-Pacific Region
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages21
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameEducation in the Asia-Pacific Region
ISSN (Print)1573-5397
ISSN (Electronic)2214-9791


  • Asylum Seeker
  • Chinese Language
  • Chinese Student
  • Community Leader
  • Ethnic Minority

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Education
  • Development


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