Optimizing the Aero-Suspension Interactions in a Formula One Car

Mehdi Imani Masouleh, David J.N. Limebeer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


The interactions between the multilink suspension system of an open-wheeled race car and the vehicle's aerodynamic performance are modeled and optimized. The closed-kinematic loops associated with the suspension mechanisms are modeled as a set of nonlinear equations that are derived using a first principle kinematic analysis. For the purpose of optimal control calculations, the solutions to these equations are approximated by multivariate polynomials in the normal tire forces. It is shown that the car's suspension motion can have a significant impact on the aerodynamic performance of the vehicle. Optimal control calculations are used to illustrate the impact of aero-suspension interactions and adjustments on the lap-time performance of the car.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7307147
Pages (from-to)912-927
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Lap-time simulation
  • optimal control
  • suspension systems
  • vehicle dynamics
  • vehicular and wireless technologies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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