Optimization of process parameters for spark plasma sintering of nano structured SAF 2205 composite

Samuel Ranti Oke, Oladeji Oluremi Ige, Oluwasegun Eso Falodun, Babatunde Abiodun Obadele, Mxolisi Brendon Shongwe, Peter Apata Olubambi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


This research optimized spark plasma sintering (SPS) process parameters in terms of sintering temperature, holding time and heating rate for the development of a nano-structured duplex stainless steel (SAF 2205 grade) reinforced with titanium nitride (TiN). The mixed powders were sintered using an automated spark plasma sintering machine (model HHPD-25, FCT GmbH, Germany). Characterization was performed using X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. Density and hardness of the composites were investigated. The XRD result showed the formation of FeN0.068. SEM/EDS revealed the presence of nano ranged particles of TiN segregated at the grain boundaries of the duplex matrix. A decrease in hardness and densification was observed when sintering temperature and heating rate were 1200 °C and 150 °C/min respectively. The optimum properties were obtained in composites sintered at 1150 °C for 15 min and 100 °C/min. The composite grades irrespective of the process parameters exhibited similar shrinkage behavior, which is characterized by three distinctive peaks, which is an indication of good densification phenomena.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-134
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Research and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018


  • Density
  • Duplex stainless steel (SAF 2205)
  • Hardness
  • Microstructure
  • Spark plasma sintering
  • Titanium nitride (TiN)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys


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