Optimization of integrated ultrasonic-Fenton system for metal removal and dewatering of anaerobically digested sludge by Box-Behnken design

Jannatul Rumky, Mohamed Chaker Ncibi, Rutely C. Burgos-Castillo, Anjan Deb, Mika Sillanpää

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study reveals the optimization of ultrasonic-Fenton process for the treatment of sludge taken from a local municipal wastewater treatment plant after anaerobic digestion. Box-Behnken design (BBD), a common approach of response surface methodology (RSM), was applied to evaluate and optimize the individual and interactive effects of three process variables, namely Fe2+ dose, H2O2 amount and sonication time for Fenton-ultrasonication method. Five dependent parameters including total organic carbon (TOC), extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), as LB-EPS and TB-EPS, and metals such as Zn and Cu were considered as the responses to investigate. According to the results of analysis of variances (ANOVA), five modelling equations are proposed that can be used to operate the design space with high regression coefficient R2. Modelling results suggest that Fenton parameters, such as: H2O2 and Fe2+ dosage had the significant effects on the overall removal of TOC; whereas, sonication improved the metal removal from the sludge sample. Based on response surface methodology, best performance is achievable under the following conditions: 36 mM of Fe2+, 320 mM H2O2 with 30 min of sonication respectively for all of the responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-584
Number of pages12
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume645
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Box-Behnken design
  • Dewaterability
  • Fenton oxidation
  • Metal removal
  • Sewage sludge
  • Ultrasonication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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