Optimal tyre usage for a Formula One car

A. J. Tremlett, D. J.N. Limebeer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Variations in track temperature, surface conditions and layout have led tyre manufacturers to produce a range of rubber compounds for race events. Each compound has unique friction and durability characteristics. Efficient tyre management over a full race distance is a crucial component of a competitive race strategy. A minimum lap time optimal control calculation and a thermodynamic tyre wear model are used to establish optimal tyre warming and tyre usage strategies. Lap time sensitivities demonstrate that relatively small changes in control strategy can lead to significant reductions in the associated wear metrics. The illustrated methodology shows how vehicle setup parameters can be optimised for minimum tyre usage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1448-1473
Number of pages26
JournalVehicle System Dynamics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Formula One car modelling
  • laptime simulation
  • numerical optimal control
  • pseudospectral methods
  • Thermal tyre model
  • tyre wear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Mechanical Engineering


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