Optimal design of hydrogen-based storage with a hybrid renewable energy system considering economic and environmental uncertainties

Oladimeji Lawrence Oyewole, Nnamdi Ikechi Nwulu, Ewaoche John Okampo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Hydrogen and electricity derived from renewable sources present feasible alternative energy options for the decarbonisation of the transportation and power sectors. This study presents the utilisation of hydrogen generated from solar and wind energy resources as a clean fuel for mobility and backup storage for stationary applications under economic and environmental uncertainties. This is achieved by developing a detailed techno-economic model of an integrated system consisting of a hydrogen refuelling station and an electric power generation system using Mixed Integer Quadratic Constrained Programming (MIQCP), which is further relaxed to Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP). The model is implemented in the Advanced Interactive Multidimensional Modelling Software (AIMMS) and considering the inherent uncertainties in the wind resource, solar resource, costs and discount rate, the total cost of the three configurations (Hybrid PV-Wind, Standalone PV, and Standalone wind energy system) was minimised using robust optimisation technique, and the corresponding optimal sizes of the components, levelised cost of energy (LCOE), excess energy, greenhouse emission avoided, and carbon tax were evaluated. The levelised cost of the deterministic optimisation solution for all the configuration ranges between 0.0702 $/kWh to 0.0786 $/kWh, while the levelised cost of the robust optimisation solution ranges between 0.07188 $/kWh to 0.1125 $/kWh. The proposed integration has the advantages of affordable hydrogen and electricity prices, minimisation of carbon emissions and grid export of excess energy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117991
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2024


  • Green hydrogen for mobility sector
  • Hydrogen Refuelling Station
  • Mixed Integer Linear Programming
  • Mixed Integer Quadratic Constrained Programming
  • Renewable Power System
  • Robust Optimal Sizing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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