On the Vital Aspects and Characteristics of Cryptocurrency - A Survey

A. F.M. Shahen Shah, Muhammet Ali Karabulut, A. F.M.Suaib Akhter, Nazifa Mustari, Al Sakib Khan Pathan, Khaled M. Rabie, Thokozani Shongwe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cryptocurrencies acquire user confidence by making the whole creation and transaction history transparent to the public. In exchange, the transaction history accurately captures the complete range of user activities related to cryptocurrencies. It is thought to be one of the safest and simplest payment methods that may be employed in the future. The trend of banks and other financial institutions investing in cryptocurrencies has increased rapidly in recent years. Therefore, it is necessary to synthesize the findings of previous studies on cryptocurrencies. In this paper, the use of data mining methods in Bitcoin transactions is analyzed and summarized. Cryptocurrencies, similar to the well-known Bitcoin, were targeted to ensure transaction security and privacy and overcome the drawbacks of traditional banking systems as well as other centralized systems. In addition, a comprehensive analysis of the literature on the challenges and applications of electronic currencies is conducted. The evolution of digital currency from electronic cash to cryptocurrencies is summarized and the methods used to increase user privacy are highlighted. The security threats in existing cryptocurrency systems (that compromise the privacy of Bitcoin users) are also highlighted. Finally, several research gaps and trends are identified that need to be further explored.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9451-9468
Number of pages18
JournalIEEE Access
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Cryptocurrencies
  • electronic cash
  • privacy
  • security threats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering

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