Of fruits and vegetables wastes in the City of Johannesburg

Olusola Olaitan Ayeleru, Freeman Ntuli, Charles Mbohwa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Municipal solid waste (MSW) composition study is very important as a baseline to utilizing fresh fruit and vegetables (FFVs) wastes in waste to energy (WtE) project. The aim of this paper is to determine the composition of various waste components at the Johannesburg FFVs market. The study was conducted during the summer in 2015 to evaluate the various components of fruit and vegetable wastes (FVWs) generated at the market. This was done in order to evaluate the amount of FVWs that are generated daily at the market as a starting point for waste to energy (WtE) proposition for the City of Johannesburg (CoJ). Two international standards: ASTM D5231-92-2008 (American Standard Test Method) and UNEP/IETC -2009 (United Nations Environment Programme/International Environmental Technology Centre) were used as yardsticks for the procedure used. Samples were classified based on their colours; green (vegetables and fruits), blue/purple (vegetables and fruits), tan/brown (vegetables and fruits), yellow/orange (vegetables and fruits), red (vegetables and fruits) and other wastes which include corrugated boxes, metals, woods, plastic crates and other composite wastes. Samples were further classified into 135 classes in which some were not available due to seasonal variation and the samples were manually sorted by hands. From the results of the analysis, fruits constituted 55%, vegetables 38%, corrugated boxes and cartons 3%, metals, plastics, woods and other wastes all constituted 1% each.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWCECS 2016 - World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2016
EditorsWarren S. Grundfest, Craig Douglas, S. I. Ao
PublisherNewswood Limited
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9789881404824
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event2016 World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science, WCECS 2016 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 19 Oct 201621 Oct 2016

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science
ISSN (Print)2078-0958


Conference2016 World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science, WCECS 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco


  • Fruits
  • Johannesburg market
  • Vegetables
  • Waste to energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)


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