Nitrogen-doped Graphene Electrochemical Sensor for Selenium (IV) in Water

Colani T. Fakude, Omotayo A. Arotiba, Richard Moutloali, Nonhlangabezo Mabuba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the electrochemical detection of Se(IV) on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with nitrogen-doped graphene (NG) is reported. NG was synthesized from graphene oxide (GO) by thermal annealing of GO in ammonia. Structural and morphological studies of the synthesized NG were conducted using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Raman spectroscopy, high resolution-transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), Fourier Transform -infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and a CHNS analyzer. Electrochemical characterization of the unmodified GCE and the NG modified GCE (GCE-NG) was conducted using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The newly developed GCE-NG sensor demonstrated improved electrochemical properties when compared to the bare GCE. Square wave anodic stripping voltammetry (SWASV) was employed to optimize the proposed sensors' detection parameters: 0.1 M HClO4 supporting electrolyte, -0.8 V deposition potential and 50 s deposition. The calibration graph of Se(IV) concentrations and current response demonstrated linearity during the calibration of the sensor in the concentration range 1 - 120 ppb, with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.092 ppb. The proposed electrochemical sensor was applied in the analysis of real water samples and inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) was used to validate the results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9391-9403
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Electrochemical Science
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Electrochemical sensor
  • nitrogen-doped graphene
  • selenium
  • square wave anodic stripping voltammetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry


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