New U–Pb age and paleomagnetic constraints from the Uitkomst Complex, South Africa: clues to the timing of intrusion

H. Wabo, J. R. Olsson, M. O. de Kock, F. Humbert, U. Söderlund, M. B. Klausen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


The Uitkomst Complex is considered to be coeval with, and genetically linked to the Rustenburg Layered Suite (RLS) of the Bushveld Large Igneous Province. This study reports new paleomagnetic, geochemical and geochronological results from the Uitkomst Complex and a crosscutting dyke at the Nkomati Mine. Primary magnetisations for the complex and the dyke are statistically indistinguishable. This, together with the geochemical signature of the dyke, suggests a late-magmatic link with the Uitkomst Complex. A Virtual Geomagnetic Pole calculated for the complex at Longitude 28.7°N and Latitude 58.5°E (dp = 6.2; dm = 9.4; N = 3) differs from the 1900 Ma and younger-aged poles for the Kaapvaal Craton. It, however, shares similarities with the poles from the 2058 to 2054 Ma RLS and other ~2.0 Ga paleopoles for the Kaapvaal Craton. Moreover, a new U–Pb baddeleyite age of 2054 ± 7 Ma given by a coarse-grained gabbroic sample from Nkomati’s underground mine provides a minimum age constraint on the crystallisation of the Uitkomst Complex. This date is nominally older than the 207Pb/206Pb zircon age of 2044 ± 8 Ma previously reported for this complex, and also near identical to the new age of 2054.89 ± 0.37 Ma from the Critical Zone of the RLS. Here, it is suggested that the Uitkomst Complex was emplaced at the same time as, if not before the Critical Zone. Data presented here have bearings on the location of the Uitkomst Complex in the time frame model recently proposed for the Bushveld magmatism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-163
Number of pages12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2016


  • Bushveld magmatism
  • Kaapvaal Craton
  • Uitkomst Complex
  • U–Pb baddeleyite dating
  • paleomagnetism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Paleontology


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