Neoproterozoic geodynamic evolution of easternmost Kalahari: Constraints from U-Pb-Hf-O zircon, Sm-Nd isotope and geochemical data from the Schirmacher Oasis, East Antarctica

J. Jacobs, E. Mikhalsky, F. Henjes-Kunst, A. Läufer, R. J. Thomas, M. A. Elburg, C. C. Wang, S. Estrada, S. Skublov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Late Tonian (ca. 785–760 Ma) granodioritic to granitic orthogneisses of the Schirmacher Oasis region in Dronning Maud Land (DML), East Antarctica, are interpreted as recording an active continental margin setting at the periphery of Kalahari and Rodinia. The rocks probably represent exposures of a significant tectonic province hidden beneath the ice, the erosional remnants of which are recorded as detrital zircons in late Tonian-Cryogenian metasedimentary rocks throughout central and eastern DML, as well as in ice-rafted debris from recent sediments offshore Dronning Maud Land. The orthogneisses have single-stage Sm-Nd model ages of ca. 1.3–1.5 Ga and zircon Hf-signatures (εHft = +2 – +5), indistinguishable from the adjacent Grenville-age basement rocks of easternmost Kalahari. Their geochemistry suggests that they evolved in the late stages of a continental margin magmatic arc and possibly within a roll-back tectonic framework, suggestive of subduction of relatively old oceanic lithosphere. The eastern Kalahari continental arc is one of a number of continental arcs that characterize the western part of the fragmenting Rodinia and document the supercontinent “turning inside out” after its formation at ca. 1000 Ma and a period of relative tectonic quiescence between ca. 900 and 800 Ma. The rocks show an ultra-high temperature metamorphic overprint that was accompanied by syn-tectonic magmatism from ca. 650 to 600 Ma. The high temperature metamorphism is interpreted to relate to back-arc extension that also led to major anorthosite magmatism elsewhere, prior to continental collision in the region. The rocks lack the subsequent widespread high-grade metamorphic overprint at ca. 590–500 Ma which occurs in the adjacent regions due to Himalayan-style continental collision along the East African-Antarctic Orogen during Gondwana assembly.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105553
JournalPrecambrian Research
Volume342
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Continental arc
  • Dronning Maud Land
  • Extroversion
  • Rodinia
  • Schirmacher Oasis
  • Tonian
  • Zircon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Neoproterozoic geodynamic evolution of easternmost Kalahari: Constraints from U-Pb-Hf-O zircon, Sm-Nd isotope and geochemical data from the Schirmacher Oasis, East Antarctica'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this