Natural organic matter removal from drinking water by membrane technology

Sari Metsämuuronen, Mika Sillanpää, Amit Bhatnagar, Mika Mänttäri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Citations (Scopus)


Aquatic natural organic matter (NOM) is a heterogeneous mixture of biopolymers and their degradation products that cause harmful by-products during drinking water production. The great variability in NOM composition makes it difficult to completely remove from drinking water by any single technique. The current article reviews the NOM removal by micro-, ultra- And nanofiltration and by hybrid processes combining membrane techniques with other unit processes: coagulation, adsorption, and oxidation, and by membrane bioreactors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-61
Number of pages61
JournalSeparation and Purification Reviews
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Drinking water
  • Hybrid process
  • Membrane technology
  • NOM
  • Natural organic matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation


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