Nanoindentation and Structural Analysis of Sintered TiAl(100−x)-xTaN Composites at Room Temperature

Bukola Joseph Babalola, Olusoji Oluremi Ayodele, Peter Apata Olubambi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The nanohardness, elastic modulus, anti-wear, and deformability characteristics of TiAl(100−x)-xTaN composites containing 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 wt.% of TaN were investigated via nanoindentation technique in the present study. The TiAl(100−x)-xTaN composites were successfully fabricated via the spark plasma sintering technique (SPS). The microstructure and phase formation of the TiAl sample constitute a duplex structure of γ and lamellar colonies, and TiAl2, α-Ti, and TiAl phases, respectively. The addition of TaN results in a complex phase formation and pseudo duplex structure. The depth-sensing indentation evaluation of properties was carried out at an ambient temperature through a Berkovich indenter at a prescribed load of 100 mN and a holding time of 10 s. The nanoindentation result showed that the nanohardness and elastic modulus characteristics increased as the TaN addition increased but exhibited a slight drop when the reinforcement was beyond 8 wt.%. At increasing TaN addition, the yield strain ((Formula presented.)), yield pressure ((Formula presented.)), and elastic recovery index ((Formula presented.)) increased, while the plasticity index ((Formula presented.)) and the ratio of plastic and elastic work (RPE) reduced. The best mechanical properties were attained at the 8 wt.%TaN addition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2607
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023


  • composites
  • nanoindentation
  • spark plasma sintering
  • tantalum nitride (TaN)
  • titanium aluminide (TiAl)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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