Nanoadsorbents for remediation of aquatic environment: Local and practical solutions for global water pollution problems

Tonni Agustiono Kurniawan, Mika E.T. Sillanpää, Markus Sillanpää

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

138 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors present an overview with critical analysis of technical applicability of various nanoadsorbents such as carbon nanotubes, nano-zerovalent iron, and metal oxides-based and polymeric nanoparticles in treating contaminated water. To highlight their performance, selected information such as synthesis method, pH, dose required, pollutant's concentrations, reaction time, and treatment efficiency is presented based on the literature survey of 276 articles (1989-2010). Their advantages and drawbacks in applications are evaluated. Nanoadsorbents that stand out for outstanding performance are compared to bulk activated carbon. The implications of nanoadsorbents to public health and their way forward for facilitating environmental sustainability are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1233-1295
Number of pages63
JournalCritical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology
Volume42
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CNT
  • carbon nanotubes
  • heavy metals
  • n ZVI
  • nano-zerovalent iron
  • nanomaterials
  • nanoparticles
  • physicochemical treatments
  • water pollution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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